What kind of sleep disorder do we not know and what should I know?
sleep disorder When you try to sleep at night, you may have had a strange experience of tired body and mind but can’t sleep.
I try to sleep in bed, but sometimes I turn over for 20 minutes and fall asleep.
So today I want to know why sleep disorders are.
Definition of Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders are those who are unable to get healthy sleep, or have enough sleep to stay alert during the day, or
It’s a very broad concept that involves having trouble sleeping and waking because of a disturbing sleep rhythm.
Types of sleep disorders
Insomnia may include difficulty falling asleep, waking up but often waking up, and waking up too early in the morning.
The causes of insomnia are very diverse. People with weak sleep rhythms usually suffer from psychological stress, and their sleep rhythms are weakened more severely.
The result is insomnia with poor sleep habits.
Later, even if the psychological stress is reduced, bad sleep habits remain, so that insomnia persists, and chronic insomnia may develop.
Insomnia is also common in the presence of depression, anxiety disorders and other mental illnesses.
If you continue to have insomnia, feel depressed or anxious, or have other symptoms,
It is more likely than insomnia that is accompanied by other psychiatric problems.
Hypersomnia can be suspected of hypersomnia if you have severe sleepiness during the day and have enough sleep for more than 7 hours at night.
Drowsiness is a condition associated with excessive sleep during the day, which can lead to uncontrollable drowsiness, which can cause you to fall asleep for ten minutes.
This can happen even when you are not normally sleepy, such as eating, talking or driving.
In addition to drowsiness during the day, you may also experience symptoms of debilitating seizures that can cause you to lose energy when you are emotionally excited
Sleep paralysis (scissors) or hallucinations at night may be accompanied.
Narcolepsy often causes symptoms first appearing in adolescence, severe drowsiness causes disability in schoolwork, Increase the risk of accidents for people driving.
3. Anxiety syndrome
Anxiety syndrome is difficult to express on the legs (especially near the calf) at the time of falling asleep, making it difficult to fall asleep, resulting in sleep deprivation.
Patients express various feelings of discomfort in their legs, such as “electricity feeling” or “worm crawling”, but pain does not appeal.
Discomfort can also appear during the day, usually worse at night, and often improves when you move or rub your legs.
It’s even worse if you have to stay in the same position for a long time during the day.
RLS often occurs after the age of 50, but recent reports suggest that it also occurs in children before age 7.
In addition, some of the pediatric leg discomforts known as growth pain are reported to be pediatric restless leg syndrome.
In addition, the lack of iron during pregnancy is often a case of restless leg syndrome.
4.Snoring / Sleep Apnea
In 75% of snoring cases, there is sleep apnea, which stops breathing during sleep, and snoring is a very common physiological phenomenon.
Sleep apnea can be hard to see even when people around you observe it.
If you have sleep apnea more than 40 times a night, you may not be able to sleep deeply,
Difficulty providing oxygen to the body causes fatigue during the day, feeling like you don’t sleep, morning headaches, lethargy, loss of gravity and memory, and depression.
If left untreated without sleep apnea, serious side effects such as diabetes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease occur.
Therefore, if you have snoring during sleep and fatigue during the day, you should check for sleep apnea and then treat it.
How do I diagnose sleep disorders?
A doctor’s questionnaire is essential for the diagnosis of sleep disorders.
The self-reported questionnaire used to diagnose various sleep disorders includes the Pittsburgh Sleep Disorder Scale.
If you have severe drowsiness during the day, the Epworth Drowsiness Scale may be used.
Night sleep polysomnography
A night sleep polymorphism test can be done to confirm sleep disorders.
Night sleep polysomnography is the most basic and important test for diagnosing sleep disorders.
EEG during sleep, eye movements, body muscle tension, breathing, leg movements, posture, electrocardiogram, blood oxygen level, snoring noise, sleep images taken with infrared video, etc.
Based on this, sleep disorders are diagnosed by evaluating sleep efficiency, sleep structure, accompanying sleep disorders and the severity of sleep disorders.